A site for spellers, teachers of spelling and reading, and students of english words
cummings, spell, spelling, english, words, spellers, teachers, reading, read, reader cummings, spell, spelling, english, words, spellers, teachers, reading, read, reader cummings, spell, spelling, english, words, spellers, teachers, reading, read, reader
cummings, spell, spelling, english, words, spellers, teachers, reading, read, reader cummings, spell, spelling, english, words, spellers, teachers, reading, read, reader
 
cummings, spell, spelling, english, words, spellers, teachers, reading, read, reader cummings, spell, spelling, english, words, spellers, teachers, reading, read, reader

Lineages from Indo-European Roots

The 35 Roots

On the left are the assumed phonetic forms of the roots, reconstructed by comparing the phonetics of known descendant languages. On the right is the assumed central sense of each root, reconstructed by comparing senses in those descendant languages. Due to font restraints long vowels are represented by capital letters, and schwa is represented by "@":

Click on a root to call up its map.

*ak "Sharp"
*beu "To swell"
*bhA1 "To shine"
*bhel1 "To shine, burn, bright colors"
*bher1 "To carry, bear"
*bheu@ "To be, exist, grow"
*bhreu@ "To boil, bubble, effervesce"
*deik "To show, pronounce solemnly"
*dhE "To set, push"
*dwo "Two"
*gel1 "To form into a ball"
*gen@ "To give birth, beget"
*ger2 "Curving, crooked"
*ghel2 "To shine; various colors, bright materials, bile and gall
*gnO "To know"
*kap "To grasp"
*kaput "Head"
*ker1 "Horn, head, horned objects"
*kwel1 "Revolve, move around, solourn, dwell"
*kwetwer "Four"
*kwo "Various pronouns"
*ped1 "Foot"
*pel@1 "Fill, abundance, multitude"
*per1 "Forward, through, before, toward, etc."
*reg1 "Move in a straight line"
*sem1 "One, as one, together"
*skei "To cut, split"
*sker1 "To cut"
*stA "To stand, thing that is standing"
*ten "Stretch"
*ter@1 "To rub, turn, twist, thresh, etc."
*wegh "To go, transport"
*weid "To see"
*wel3 "Turn, roll, curved objects"
*wer3 "Turn, bend"

cummings, spell, spelling, english, words, spellers, teachers, reading, read, reader
cummings, spell, spelling, english, words, spellers, teachers, reading, read, reader